Official figures for maintaining these outposts are put at ~$300 and ~$200 million for India and Pakistan respectively. Both sides have shown desire to vacate the glacier as there are environmental and cost concerns. At that stage, instead of adopting a pragmatic approach, the then Pakistan Army Chief, General Kayani, reiterated the Pakistani position that it was India which started the dispute in 1984. Thus began the longest undeclared war on the highest battlefield in the world. Control over the area would constitute a major strategic achievement for Pakistan as it would breathe down the Indian Army’s positions in Ladakh while denying India the capability to monitor the sensitive Pakistan-China axis. whole leaf romaine lettuce | hand torn croutons | Pecorino-Romano $9 *salad additions. [35] For his role in the assault, Subedar Bana Singh was awarded the Param Vir Chakra – India's highest gallantry award. Lt Gen … On April 13, 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the 76.4 km-long glacier on the Saltoro ridge, narrowly thwarting Pakistan’s own attempts in the process. [citation needed], The Indian army controls all of the 76 kilometres (47 mi) and 2553sq km area long Siachen Glacier and all of its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge[45] immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, and Gyong La—thus holding onto the tactical advantage of high ground. The Indian Army dominates the glaciers, occupying the high ground on the Saltoro ridge on the western edge of the glacier, restricting Pakistani forces to lower positions. There has been considerable talk in Pakistan about the recent avalanche in Gyari west of the Saltoro Ridge and it is shown as having occurred in the Siachen area. It is source of Nubra River that eventually feeds the might… Saltoro Ridge Blogs, Comments and Archive News on This matter has taken an even more critical turn for India now that Pakistan has been practically ceding to China the whole of Gilgit-Baltistan and especially the Shaksgam Valley. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. Hence, domination of Saltoro Ridge by India has been a strategic imperative since Operation Meghdoot. Even before then, more soldiers were killed every year due to severe weather coditions than enemy fire. The contentious area is about 2,500 sq km. The 1949 Karachi Agreement and 1972 Simla Agreement did not clearly mention who controlled the glacier, merely stating that the Cease Fire Line (CFL) terminated at NJ9842. More dangerous is the fact that this may well trigger a scary sub-continental conflict. 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India took control of the 70-kilometre-long (43 mi) Siachen Glacier and its tributary glaciers, as well as all the main passes and heights of the Saltoro Ridge immediately west of the glacier, including Sia La, Bilafond La, and Gyong La. [34], June – July 1987: Operation Rajiv: Over the next three years, with Indian troops positioned at the critical passes, Pakistan Army attempted to seize heights overlooking the passes. The Quaid Post was regained by a five member team of 8 Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry led by Naib Subedar Bana Singh. [75], In 2011, 24 Indian soldiers died on the Siachen glacier from the climate and accidents. Saltoro Ridge Blogs, Comments and Archive News on These adverse conditions have direct consequences: since the war began, only 3 percent of the Indian casualties have been caused by … Rise in journalist deaths due to Coronavirus pandemic, Defence Sector Reforms & Corporatisation of Ordnance Factory Board, Corporatisation is a strategic necessity for Ordnance Factory Board. The conflict began in 1984 with India’s successful Operation Meghdoot during which it wrested control of the Siachen Glacier from Pakistan and forced the Pakistanis to retreat west of the Saltoro Ridge. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. Some of them include declaring the area a peace park, joint patrolling of the region and even an international peacekeeping force being deployed. The effects of … They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. Indian soldiers on guard at the Siachen Glacier. “India forcibly occupied Siachen Glacier and it is a disputed area. The environment at the glacier is so harsh as to be snow and ice-bound through the year with forces necessarily stationed at the highest possible altitudes where temperatures drop 50 degrees Celsius below zero. Pakistan reacted fast and deployed its forces to the three passes along the Saltoro Range. Now advanced technology is being used to make the life of soldiers posted over there a little easier. [14], Further attempts to reclaim positions were launched by Pakistan in 1990, 1995, 1996 and even in early 1999, just prior to the Lahore Summit. In 1978 a German Siachen-Kondus Expedition under the leadership of Jaroslav Poncar (further members Volker Stallbohm and Wolfgang Kohl, liaison officer major Asad Raza) entered Siachen via Bilafond La and established the base camp on the confluence of Siachen and Teram Shehr. This story perhaps would not have had such amomentous ending, but for a series of cumulative events and sheer providence, that changed not only the course of history but also … View Our Menu . They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. The Western Command will be remanded from Indira Col on Saltoro Ridge in the Siachen Glacier area with its headquarters prospecting at Gujarat's trip to Jaipur. In 1977, an Indian colonel named Narendra Kumar, offended by international expeditions venturing onto the glacier from the Pakistani side, persuaded his superiors to allow him to lead a 70-man team of climbers and porters to the glacier. The operation continues till date, making it the longest continuing one of its kind in the world. Most of India's many outposts are west of the Siachen Glacier along the Saltoro Range. Men of the Ladakh Scouts and Kumaon Regiment occupy Bilafond La on 13 April and Sia La on 17 April 1984 with the help of the Indian Air Force. Following the UN-mediated ceasefire in 1949, the line between India and Pakistan was demarcated up to point NJ9842 at the foot of the Siachen Glacier. [63][64], One of the factors behind the Kargil War in 1999 when Pakistan sent infiltrators to occupy vacated Indian posts across the Line of Control was their belief that India would be forced to withdraw from Siachen in exchange of a Pakistani withdrawal from Kargil. In fact, cost escalation for India would begin the moment any unfortunate decision to demilitarise from Siachen is taken. In the 1970s and early 1980s several mountaineering expeditions applied to Pakistan to climb high peaks in the Siachen area due in part to US Defense Mapping Agency and most other maps and atlases showing it on the Pakistani side of the line. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of … All rights reserved. India cannot allow such a strategic misadventure to take place. US General visited for the purpose of "developing concepts and medical aspects of fighting in severe cold conditions and high altitude". After this, a Jihadi intrusion to fructify expansionist designs will then be resorted, regardless of the assurances given. New Delhi: Factfile on the India-Pakistan dispute over the Siachen Glacier, the world's highest battlefield. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. Pakistan granted a number of permits. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. This portion of the cease-fire line shall be demarcated in detail on the basis of the factual position as of 27 July 1949, by the local commanders assisted by United Nations military observers. Both armies set up stations at altitudes of 9,000 to 22,000 ft and have suffered 3,500-5,000 casualties since, … The 76 km long Siachen Glacier is hemmed in between the Saltoro ridge line to the west and the main Karakoram Range to the east. Peering Over the Edge: The Philosophy of Mountaineering, p. 194. Siachen is a symbol of the worst aspects of their relationship."[55]. Food is fresh and flavorful, often featuring locally caught fish, expertly and artfully plated. An incorrect and farfetched appreciation thus landed India into occupation of Siachen Glacier or more correctly Saltoro Ridge in April 1984. [62] In 2012, an avalanche hit Pakistan's Gayari military base, killing 129 soldiers and 11 civilians. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. This almost superhuman effort, after the unit had suffered initial setbacks and even lost an officer, Second Lieutenant Rajiv Pande, is now a part of military folklore. Earlier in 2012, Pakistan had lost 130 men in a massive avalanche at Gayari, its post nearest to the Glacier. Indian Army recruits only on merit, its above caste and religion. [78][79] In the aftermath of the disaster, Pakistan's army chief General Ashfaq Parvez Kayani suggested India and Pakistan should withdraw all troops from the contested glacier. [61], According to some estimates, 97% of the casualties in Siachen have been due to weather and altitude, rather than actual fighting. Together, the nations have about 150 manned outposts along the glacier, with some 3,000 troops each. Title of U.N. document number S/1430/Add.2 which illustrates the CFL as per the Karachi Agreement reads: Map of the State of Jammu and Kashmir showing the Cease Fire Line as Agreed Upon in the Karachi Agreement, Ratified by the Governments of India and Pakistan on 29 and 30 July Respectively. In November 2019, six people (four soldiers and two porters) lost their life in an avalanche, triggering the usual media hype for demilitarisation of the region. For this purpose units from Pakistan Army SSG (1st and 3rd battalions) assembled a major task force at the newly constructed Khaplu garrison. Even if both sides agree to demilitarize a Pakistani occupation similar to 1999 will make it extremely difficult and expensive for India to reoccupy the glacier. Indian Army under Brig. [91], On 1 April, Indian General Dalbir Singh and General D. S. Hooda of the Northern Command visited the Siachen glacier in order to boost morale after 17 of its soldiers died in 2016. The largely inaccessible terrain beyond this point was not demarcated,[20] but delimited as thence north to the glaciers in paragraph B 2 (d) of the Karachi Agreement. Prior to 1984 neither India nor Pakistan had any permanent presence in the area. A base camp was also struck, that killed two Ladakh scouts. Celebrating 20 years of victory on the Saltoro Ridge. In 1956–58, a scientific team led by the Geological Survey of India recorded its findings publicly including information about the Siachen and other glaciers.[26]. GS 3 Q) Improving border security is key to growth of the country, In this regards Examine border disputes of India and suggest measures that India can undertake to improve its border security. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. [70], The Siachen glacier and its conflict was depicted in a 48-page comic book, Siachen: The Cold War, released in August 2012. Actually, it is about occupation of the Saltoro Ridge. In order for this to happen, India has laid down a few pre-conditions. Pervez Musharraf had himself once commanded the Special Services Group (SSG) troops in this area and made several futile attempts to capture Indian posts.[53]. The third theatre command will be the Peninsular Command; Fourth, a full air defence command; And fifth, a marine command. [93], On 19 January 2019, 7 Indian Army soldiers were killed as result of an avalanche in Siachen. [38][39], March – May 1989: In March 1989 Operation Ibex by the Indian Army attempted to seize the Pakistani post overlooking the Chumik Glacier. It is admitted that India has many weather related casualties in Siachen. This slogan aptly defined the spirit of the occupation of the Saltoro Ridge by the Kumaonis in April 84 who ventured into uncharted glacial waste lands and claimed that piece of earth as their prize by the dint of their valour. It is largest single source of fresh water in the Indian subcontinent. mixed greens | Point-Reyes blue cheese | almonds honey shallot vinaigrette $9 GFI Caesar Salad. [17] They returned in or around 1981, climbed several peaks and walked the length of Siachen. [92], On 14 July 2018, 10 Indian Army soldiers were killed as result of Avalanche in Siachen. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. That the Indians dominate the area from the Saltoro Ridge and Pakistani troops are nowhere near the Siachen Glacier is a fact never mentioned in public. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. The length of our land borders with neighbouring countries is as under: INDRA COL, the northern most part of Siachen, directly overlooks Chinese occupation that was illegally ceded by Pakistan to China. [36], September 1987: Operation Vajrashakti/Op Qaidat: The Pakistan Army under Brig. "[55] Stephen P. Cohen compared the conflict to "a struggle between two bald men over a comb. In fact most of the … The Indian Army managed to occupy the commanding heights on Saltoro Ridge while Pakistani forces were stationed at lower positions. Now even China would be equally interested to dislodge the Indian deployment over there. At present, Indian Army controls the entire Saltoro ridge. He claimed that more than 1,100 Indian soldiers have died defending the Siachen glacier. Since then, numerous of talks were conducted between two sides starting in 1989. This stalemate has continued to now. The two armies have established forward bases at heights ranging from 9,000 to 22,000 ft. [94], On 3 June 2019, Indian defense minister Rajnath Singh visited the Indian army's forward posts and base camp in Siachen. But there has been no shooting following the 2003 ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) and the Actual Ground Position Line (AGPL) across the Siachen. Since then, Siachen has witnessed a saga of unparalleled valour in the face of a belligerent enemy, arduous terrain and challenging climatic conditions. The Saltoro Mountains are Lesser Karakorams on the southwestern side of the large Karakoram-glaciers (Siachen, Baltoro, Biafo and Hispar Glacier from east to west) while the main ridge of the Karakorams lies northeast of these glaciers. [80], On 29 May, two Pakistani soldiers were killed in a landslide in the Chorbat Sector. Both countries maintain a permanent military presence in the region at a height of over 6,000 metres (20,000 ft). India’s Border Disputes. [90], On 25 March, two Indian jawans died after they were buried in an avalanche in the Turtuk sector while on patrol. [14] The conflict was started in 1984 by India's successful capture of the Siachen Glacier as part of Operation Meghdoot, and subsequently countinued with Operation Rajiv. A massive plan to modernise all roads and construct new ones leading to the Siachen Glacier, has been launched in the Ladakh sector for faster movement of troops and equipment. Pakistan has been consistently pressurising India to demilitarise the Glacier since it is in a very weak position over there. Pakistan resorts to consistent lobbying to bring down international pressure in this regard on the Indian leadership. This feature was named "Qaid Post" and for three years it dominated Indian positions on the glacier. India immediately dispatched troops to the Siachen, beating Pakistan by a week. On 1 August 1992, Pakistani helicopters were attacked by an Indian Igla missile and Brig. The attack was repulsed by Indian troops. Saltoro Salad. P. C. Katoch, Col. Konsam Himalaya Singh seized control of pt 5770 (Naveed Top/Cheema Top/Bilal Top) in the southern edge of the Saltoro defense line from Pakistan troops. [56][57][58], American observers say that the military conflict between India and Pakistan over the Siachen Glacier "made no military or political sense". [76], In 2013, 10 Indian soldiers died due to weather conditions. The subranges of the main ridges are generally called Muztagh whereas the mountain groups of the Lesser Karakorams are denominated as mountains, ranges or groups.. They both are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. house smoked salmon - add $8. Cover; India; World; … Check out the weekly specials too! A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The two countries have discussed the Siachen dispute many times but India has been reluctant to vacate the peaks fearing that Pakistani troops at lower ground would move up and occupy the glacier. Due to this illegal deed, China is in a position to bridge the Aksai Chin-Gilgit-Baltistan gap and dominate the Karakoram Pass. India has 15,106.7 Km of land border and a coastline of 7,516.6 Km including island territories. India built the world's highest helipad on the glacier at Point Sonam, 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above the sea level, to supply its troops. It would be a test of endurance, the source said while adding that India has the advantage as it has been sitting on the glaciated heights of the Saltoro ridge since 1984. This operation led by the Pakistan Army led to the first armed clash on the glacier on 25 April 1984. This will happen in terms of building a new line of defence further down which will require more infrastructure and troops involving prohibitive expenditure. This vague formulation further sowed the seed for the bitter dispute to follow. [55] When India occupied the Saltoro Ridge in April 1984, Benazir Bhutto publicly taunted the Pakistan Army as "fit only to fight its own citizens". grilled halibut - add $12 Beyond NJ 9842, the agreement stated that the border will run ‘thence north to the glaciers’. Why ‘friend’ China will not save Pakistan Steel Mills? The steady Chinese advancement in Himalayas is also a concern since 2020 Galwan Incident as the border understanding was violated and a similar incident, though unlikely is possible inflicting heavy cost on India. It was realised only later that no large scale military operations can be carried out by either side across Saltoro Ridge and Siachen Glacier. [43], In his memoirs, former Pakistani president General Pervez Musharraf states that Pakistan lost almost 986 square miles (2,550 km2) of territory that it claimed. India Behind The Lens (News Centre) English Hindi. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. Pakistan responded quickly by terming the region as a disputed territory. The documentary "Expedition to the longest glacier" was shown on the 3rd channel of WDR (German TV) in 1979. In 1949, a Cease-Fire Line Agreement (CFL) was signed and ratified by India, Pakistan and the UN Military Observer Group that delineated the entire CFL. The Writer is an Army veteran and a social worker. In 1978 this expedition climbed Teram Kangri II, claiming it as a first ascent in a typical "oropolitical" riposte. Siachen Conflict The Siachen conflict was a military conflict between India and Pakistan over the disputed Siachen Glacier region in Kashmir. The destruction of Kauser Base induced Pakistani troops to vacate Chumik posts concluding Operation Ibex. They are located in the heart of the Karakoram, on the southwest side of the Siachen Glacier. [30], The first public acknowledgment of the maneuvers and the developing conflict situation in the Siachen was an abbreviated article titled "High Politics in the Karakoram" by Joydeep Sircar in The Telegraph newspaper of Calcutta in 1982. A cease-fire went into effect in 2003. The increasing Chinese presence in Pakistan-occupied-Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan is a fact of life,he added. Such inimical designs make it imperative for India to steadfastly man the heights notwithstanding the cost and the difficulty. By then they had already got control of the glacier and the adjacent Saltoro ridge, using Col Kumar's maps. Indian positions, on the other hand, are on absolutely dominating heights on the main passes of the Saltoro ridge, Sia La and Bilafond La. Siachen Day, celebrated on April 13, every year, honours all the brave Indian soldiers who have, over the years, successfully thwarted evil designs of the enemy in Siachen. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. Better procedures and precautionary process, however, have reduced the casualties to a great extent. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. In particular, New Delhi has demanded that Pakistan authenticate currently held positions on the Saltoro Ridge as a guarantee against any future invasion, while Pakistan has refused to do so. The Saltoro ridge originates from the Sia Kangri in the Karakoram Range and the altitudes range from 18,000 to 24,000 ft. Saltoro Ridge Latest Breaking News, Pictures, Videos, and Special Reports from The Economic Times. There are numerous negotiations between both parties but have shown no significant progress, the process was further complicated when Pakistan violated ceasefire line in 1999 and built bunkers on Indian side and started artillery fire on Indian strategic highways resulting in 1999 Kargil War. Il Florentine – Mind, Something & Nothing, and the Natural & Mathematical. hit Pakistan's Gayari military base, killing 129 soldiers and 11 civilians, avalanche hit a Pakistani military headquarters, "Defence Minister Rajnath Singh Bonds With Soldiers At Siachen Over Jalebi", "Rajnath Singh visits Siachen to review security situation, pays tribute to martyrs - PICS", 846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984 – News, "Six dead after avalanche hits Army positions in Northern Siachen", "In Siachen 869 army men died battling the elements", "India and Pakistan Agree to Cease-Fire in Kashmir", "The Himalayas War at the Top Of the World", "UN Map showing CFL – UN document number S/1430/Add.2", "CFL marked on U.N. Map superimposed on satellite image", Facts vs bluff on Siachen, Kayani's suggestion worth pursuing, "Outside magazine article about Siachen battleground", "Siachen Glacier: Battling on the roof of the world", "Securing the heights; The vertical dimension of the Siachen conflict between India and Pakistan in the Eastern Karakoram", "846 Indian soldiers have died in Siachen since 1984", "For the first time, the leaders of India and Pakistan seem close to finding a solution to the Kashmir problem", "THE COLDEST WAR; Frozen in Fury on the Roof of the World", "Demilitarization of the Siachen Conflict Zone", Confirm ground position line on Siachen: BJP, "In Siachen, Dhruv proves a world-beater", "India Installs World's Highest Phone Booth Soldiers Fighting Along Kashmir Glacier Can Now Call Families, Army Says", "Pakistan declares Siachen avalanche buried dead", "Siachen: Pakistan declares buried troops dead after 52 days – Hindustan Times", "PM Modi visits Siachen, meets soldiers on Diwali", "US army chief's visit adds milestone to Indo-US ties", "Tribute to Siachen heroes Reviewd by Geetu Vaid", "Siachen war comes alive in a comic book", "Valour of Siachen jawans now in a comic strip", "An illustrated, literary salute to our warriors at Siachen glacier", "Siachen avalanche kills 3 Indian, 8 Pak soldiers", "50 Indian soldiers die in Siachen in 3 yrs", "Indian army officers killed in Siachen fire – BBC News", "Pakistan resumes search for 135 buried by avalanche", "Huge search for trapped Pakistani soldiers", "Pakistan army chief urges India on glacier withdrawal – BBC News", "Two soldiers killed in Siachen landsliding", "Six Army soldiers killed in Siachen avalanche, one missing", "Army Captain dies in avalanche in Siachen glacier, 15 soldiers rescued", "Siachen avalanche kills four Indian Army soldiers – Firstpost", "Siachen avalanche: Army declares all trapped soldiers dead; PM Modi pays condolences", "Indian Army thanks Pakistan for offering help in Siachen rescue", "Siachen avalanche survivor Lance Naik Hanamanthappa passes away", "Another tragedy at Siachen as army porter falls to death | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis", "TN Army Village Loses Another Jawan in Siachen", "Siachen avalanche: Lance Havildar Bhawan Tamang killed, another soldier missing", "Army Chief Visits Siachen Glacier After 17 Casualties in 3 Months Due to Avalanches", "Siachen avalanche tragedy: Names of deceased soldiers released", "2 More Bodies Found At Ladakh Avalanche Site, Number Of Dead Rise To 7", "Two soldiers killed as avalanche hits Army patrol in Siachen", "2 Army soldiers killed in avalanche in Siachen", Siachen Glacier – Highest Battlefield Of The World, "The vertical dimension of the Siachen conflict", 2001 Jammu and Kashmir legislative assembly car bombing, Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province, Department of Defence Research and Development, Indian intervention in the Sri Lankan Civil War, Evacuation of Indian civilians from Kuwait, Defence Research and Development Organisation, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Jordan-Palestine Liberation Organization conflict, Foreign deployments of the Pakistan Armed Forces, Defense Science and Technology Organization. R. K. Nanavatty launched an artillery attack on Kauser Base, the Pakistani logistical node in Chumik and successfully destroyed it. The altitude of some Indian forward bases on the Saltoro Ridge ranges from Kumar (16,000 feet) and Bila Top (18,600 feet) to Pahalwan (20,000 feet) and Indira Col (22,000 feet). The cost of presence on glacier is heavy for both countries but it account for a larger portion of Pakistan's economy. Saltoro Ridge: The Saltoro Mountains is a subrange of the Karakoram Heights or of Saltoro Ridge. [3], April 1984 Operation Meghdoot: Indian Army under the leadership of Lt. Gen. Manohar Lal Chibber, Maj. Gen. Shiv Sharma, and Lt. Gen. P. N. Hoon learned of the plan by Pakistan Army to seize Sia La, and Bilafond La, on the glacier. They are claimed as part of Ladakh union territory by India and as part of Gilgit-Baltistan by Pakistan. NEW DELHI: Cutting through all the brouhaha on the Siachen Glacier-Saltoro Ridge dispute in recent days, India on Tuesday said it remained … [60] India also installed the world's highest telephone booth on the glacier. Pakistan Army, in turn, learned of the presence of Ladakh Scouts on the passes during a helicopter recon mission. Re: Celebrating 20 years of victory on the Saltoro Ridge. (See Annex 26 to the third Interim Report of the United Nation Commission for India and Pakistan)[23][24]. Current Status. A2A: India currently is involved in major disputes with Pakistan, China and a minor one with Nepal. "Once the Indians got wind of it, they ordered 300 outfits—twice as many as we had—and rushed their men up to Siachen". [82][83] In 2012, a total of 12 Indian soldiers died of hostile weather conditions. Karachi Shipyard and Engineering Works Ltd. National Engineering and Scientific Commission,, Operations involving Pakistani special forces, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 November 2020, at 13:20. [67], The Chief of Staff of US Army, General George Casey on 17 October 2008 visited the Siachen Glacier along with Indian Army Chief, General Deepak Kapoor. In 2007, the President of India, Abdul Kalam became the first head of state to visit the area. The strategic significance of the Saltoro Ridge and the Siachen glacier is: India has strategic and terrain domination over Pakistan’s so-called northern areas (J&K territory merged into Pakistan) and Pakistan-ceded Kashmir territory to China. In 1984, India assumed military control of the main peaks and passes of the range, with Pakistani forces into the … Pakistan also controls Sia … Teram Kangri I (7,465 m or 24,491 ft) and Teram Kangri II (7,406 m or 24,298 ft) were climbed in 1975 by a Japanese expedition led by H. Katayama, which approached through Pakistan via the Bilafond La.[29].
2020 saltoro ridge dispute